How to Install Ubuntu Linux

12/21/2019

Ubuntu Linux - Installation and Usage Guide.

Stage 1

- You will need to get a copy of Ubuntu Linux. This can be obtained from: https://ubuntu.com/download/desktop

navigate to the Website and you'll notice there are two versions of the Operating System available.
There is Ubuntu 18.04. This is the long term support version and is likely to be the most stable in terms of reliability.
Canonical releases two editions of Ubuntu per year, one in April and the other is released in October, Hence the name Ubuntu 19.10 (year.month).
Version 19.10 is only supported until July 2020, after that, you will then need to update to the next latest version.
Once you have chosen the version you wish to install, download that version. This will download a .iso file to your machine.

Stage 2

- A USB / Optical Drive is required for the next stage

You will be required to create a bootable media which will allow you to run the file and install the Operating System to your machine.
If you're doing this via CD, you just need to ensure that you write the previously downloaded file to disk.
To write the file to a USB I used a Pendrive Linux software called Universal USB Installer. In order to download this software, head to: https://www.pendrivelinux.com/universal-usb-installer-easy-as-1-2-3/
Ensure you click the download button near the bottom of the page.

When you run the installer you'll notice it has three steps.

- Step 1: Select a Distribution from the drop-down to put on your USB
For this option Select 'Ubuntu'

- Step 2: Select the iso File
If you click on browse and head over to your Downloads folder, as it is likely that is where the file has been saved.

Step 3: Select the drive letter of your USB
For this step, you'll need the USB Drive plugged in, so that it can write the file to the USB.
*NOTE* The USB Drive must be empty, as any files that are on the USB will be overwritten.

Stage 3

- This stage will require access to the BIOS.

Now that you have your bootable Media, you'll need to reboot your machine and enter the BIOS. This is usually done by pressing either F2 or F12 on your keyboard, however, to know for certain, you'll probably have to google the BIOS settings for the make and model of your machine.
Once you have entered the BIOS, you'll need to make changes to the boot order. Normally, your machine will boot from the Hard-Drive, as this is where the Operating System is saved.
Once you have set either Optical Drive/USB for the Primary boot sequence. Save the changes and exit the BIOS, this will initiate a reboot of the machine.
When the machine reboots, it will be in the Linux installer. Set the option to 'Install Ubuntu Linux' and follow the on screen instructions.
When the Operating System has installed, close down the machine and remove the bootable media.

Congratulations, you have just installed Ubuntu Linux.

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